*FM Headquarters. Department of the Anny. Washington. DC. 28 September INTELLIGENCE INTERROGATION. Table of Contents. Page. dures and techniques applicable to Army intelligence interrogations, applies to the psychological operations (PSYOP) contained in FM FM Intelligence Interrogation. Chapter 3. Interrogation Process. The interrogation process involves the screening and selection of sources for.
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FM Intelligence Interrogation – Wikipedia
Methods of obtaining this information iinterrogation shown in the following illustration. The interrogator should establish and maintain control, establish and develop rapport, assess the source, make smooth transitions, appear sincere, be convincing, and recognize the breaking point.
This intelligencr was based on a series of controversial legal memos authored by the Office of Legal Counsel that sought to define torture far more narrowly than before. Answers should establish the who, what, when, where, how, and when possible why. If the interrogator’s personal manner reflects fairness, strength, and efficiency, the source may prove cooperative and more receptive to questioning. Place names, numbers, and other pertinent, detailed information may be unclear on the recording.
If an interrogator is using argument and reason to get the source to cooperate, he must be convincing and appear sincere. The higher the echelon, the more time is available to conduct an approach. All other information should not be recorded until after the source’s cooperation has been obtained.
Selected approach techniques and how they are nitelligence be applied. It has been replaced by FM Until he obtains all dispositions known by the source in the vicinity of the DCPR, the interrogator must repeat these questions and plot or record the information as it is provided by the source. Available documents pertaining to the source screening reports, interrogation reports, interrogatoon administrative documents, such as detainee personnel record see Appendix B prepared by the untelligence police, can help the screener by providing information on the source’s physical and emotional status, knowledge, experience, and other background information.
Uses a proper, logical sequence of 34-522 ics or questions. He may also assist in transliterating, translating, and explaining foreign terms. Displaying impatience encourages the difficult source to think that if he remains unresponsive for a little longer, the interrogator will stop his questioning.
Questioning Guards Interrogators should question guards as part of their preparations. Vague questions tend intelligencd confuse the source, waste time, are easily evaded, and result in answers that may confuse or mislead the interrogator. The US Army Field Manual on Interrogationsometimes known by the military nomenclature FMis a page manual describing to military interrogators how to conduct effective interrogations while conforming with US and international law.
Obtain a description of the prominent terrain features the source would remember while traveling in this direction.
A good assessment of the source is the basis for the approach and is vital to the success of the interrogation effort. The questioning phase is conducted in the same way that it would be if no interpreter was used. He should organize his materials to avoid having to flip back and forth between references. Rumsfeld intended the extended techniques to be used only on the captives the United States classified as ” illegal combatants “. An interrogation with an interpreter will go through all five phases of the interrogation process.
Questioning Sequence An interrogator begins his questioning phase with the first topic in the sequence he tentatively established as part of his interrogation plan. He deals mainly with three categories of sources: He also uses the information he collected to identify the type and level of knowledge possessed by the source that is pertinent to the element’s collection mission.
However, map reading and enemy material and equipment intwlligence keys to the interrogationn of interrogator duties.
The letter “B” represents a source who might have information pertinent to the supported commander’s IR. The interrogator will not have enough time to record every word that the source says. After having established control of the source and having established rapport, the interrogator continually assesses the prisoner to see if the approaches, and interrotation the questioning techniques, chosen in the planning and preparation phase will indeed work.
In addition, the interrogator must identify and exploit leads developed during the interrogation. The interrogator checks his notes against the finished report to ensure that the report contains and identifies the information as heard, seen, or assumed by the source.
The major topics that can be covered in an interrogation are shown below in their normal sequence. They may be incomplete, “blanket” or otherwise nonspecific, and create doubt in the source’s mind.
During the planning and preparation and the approach phases, later discussed in this manual, the identification of uniforms and insignia is very helpful to the interrogator.
The use of a sound recorder allows the interrogator to continually observe the source.
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Attempt to avoid intekligence. An interrogator must have self? He safeguards military information at all times as well as the source of information. If an interrogator cannot decide whether or not a piece of information is SALUTE reportable, he should act as though it is.
Military intelligence troops had been using extended techniques in Afghanistannotably Captain Carolyn Wood. Establish and maintain rapport between the interrogator and the source.
A careful assessment of the source is absolutely necessary to avoid wasting valuable time in the approach phase. Retrieved from ” https: Language labs, tapes, or instructors should be made available wherever possible to provide refresher and enhancement training for interrogator linguists. He must also adapt himself to the operational environment.
However, sometimes interrogators work together. After asking about the source’s circumstances of capture, the interrogator can further gain rapport by asking questions about his background. The interpreter can easily imitate the interrogator’s tone of voice and attitude for the approaches selected. Map Tracking The interrogator obtains information concerning the location of enemy activities through the use of map tracking.
Questions should be presented in a logical sequence to be certain that significant topics are not neglected. Army announced the publication of Field Manual FM